Investment attractiveness of regions: personnel is more important than money

The investment attractiveness of Russian regions is heterogeneous and the stratification continues. RAEX rating Agency presented the rating of regions on investment attractiveness on December 14, 2018 at the investment Congress in Moscow.

The main conclusions of the rating:

  • Investment risks are down for the second year in a row: capital investments, according to Rosstat, increased by 4.4% in 2017, and by 4.1% for 9 months of 2018. At the same time, the percentage of regions where there was a decrease in investment is 40%.
  • The leaders of investment attractiveness, in general, retained their places, as a rule, due to the diversification of the economy. First in the ranking are:
Moscow region
Krasnodar region
  • The gap in the development of the territories is not narrowing, but rather increasing. In 2018, the gap between the leaders and outsiders of the rating was 3.4 times.
  • The growth of investment attractiveness is limited by the incomes of the population, which fell from 2014 to 2017, and only in 2018, according to Rosstat, show a slight increase of 1.5%.
  • Priority investment sectors include health, housing and utilities, hospitality and tourism, and transport infrastructure.
  • The military-industrial complex retains its position among the drivers of regional development.
  • Commercial loans are being replaced by government funding.

The forum was attended by more than 200 delegates, including representatives of Federal authorities, regional governments, development institutions, financial institutions, business associations, industrial companies, foreign investors.
There was an active discussion of problems and prospects of regional development, practical solutions, implemented projects in the field of improving the investment climate exchange. Many participants noted that "personnel is more important than money", talking about the need to develop educational programs and resources. Among the factors that are necessary to attract investors, representatives of the regions were noted: simplicity, speed of decision-making, personalization, resource provision.
Chairman of the Board of the Russian-German chamber of Commerce Sсhepp Matthias noted that the Russian regions are in the focus of German business, and confirmed the interest of businessmen in further investment and localization of suppliers.
Attractive factors for international investors are the size of the sales market, incomes of the population, qualification of the labor force: "Russian semi-finished product is above average".
The issues of return on investment, localization and import substitution, interaction between the Federal center and the regions caused a heated discussion at the forum. Unfortunately, there was almost no talk about the industrial sector and high technologies.
The winners of the rating received recognition and their awards. Leaders in other nominations were also noted: Moscow - for "the Best social climate", Krasnodar region - as a region with minimal economic risks, Tambov region was the best in the nomination "high efficiency of public administration".
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